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        英语四级六级作文高分秘籍

        Source: 大发彩票    2018-12-10  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

        大发彩票 www.50723312.com.cn 作文分不高?要从词汇开始改变!

        单词和短语是文章最基本的组成单位,用词是否出彩在一定程度上决定了文章是否能得高分!要想用对词,必须遵循以下原则:

        1无重复原则

        英语写作中经?;岢鱿衷谕晃恼轮蟹锤词褂猛桓龃?、词组的情况,这就是我们通常所说的重复。用词重复主要表现在名词、动词、形容词等实词的重复上。例如:

        名词重复

        Catherine offered him moral help and also practical help.

        动词重复

        I like reading while my brother likes playing football.

        形容词重复

        Mark Twain is famous for his short novels in America, and now he isalso becoming more and more famous with Chinese readers.

        为避免用词的重复,可采用以下方法:

        省略

        省略是避免重复最主要的手段。它可以节省词语,使句子结构更紧凑,还可以有效避免名词、动词、形容词的重复。例如:

        名词省略

        They are fine actors. Smith is the finest (actor) I’ve ever seen.

        动词省略

        Jack needn’t stay here, but George must (stay here).

        形容词省略

        Robert seemed angry, and George certainly was (angry).

        代词代替

        这种方法主要用于解决名词的重复问题。例如:

        Catherine offered him moral help and also practical help.

        可改为:Catherine offered him moral help and also practical one.

        再如:Can you repair this chair? I broke it yesterday.

        同义词、反义词、派生词转换

        名词、动词、形容词都适用这种方法。

        名词同义词转换

        原句:The snow was heavy last night.

        修改后: It snowed heavily last night.

        动词同义词转换

        原句:The runner couldn’t catch up with the others in the race.

        修改后:The runner fell behind the others in the race.

        形容词同义词转换

        原句:I am completely confident that I am competent for the new job.

        修改后:I am completely confident that I am qualified for the new job.

        2短语优先原则

        使用短语替换单词具有两大优势:

        文章显得更为地道,增加亮点;

        增加字数。

        例:

        原句:When he was a child, he wanted to learn everything.

        修改后:When he was a child, he had a strong appetite for knowledge.

        与原句中的wanted to learn everything相比,修改后的例句中的had a strong appetite for knowledge更能表现出“他”的求知若渴,表达更加生动。

        常见的单词转化成短语的方法有:

        形容词变短语方法:of+同根名词

        常见的形容词及对应短语有:

        形容词                                  短语

        very    important 非常重要的    of great importance

        very    difficult 非常困难的  of great difficulty

        very    difficult 非常困难的  of  great difficulty

        very    beautiful 非常美丽的      of  great beauty

        very  useful 非常有用的 of great use

        very  helpful 非常有帮助的  of  great help

        very  harmful 非常有害的    of  great harm

        very    valuable 非常有价值的  of  great value

        very    significant 至关重要的  of  great significance

        very    necessary 非常必要的    of  great necessity

         

        动词变短语方法:同义短语替换

        常用的动词和对应动词短语如下:

        动词               动词短语

        stand 承受  put up  with

        consider  考虑   take...into  consideration/account

        exist 存在   come  into existence/being

        like 喜欢     be  fond of, take delight in

        support支持     be in  favor of, approve of

        think 想,认为   harbor  the idea that, hold the view that

        explain  解释    account  for

        agree 同意,赞成    approve  of

        conclude  得出结论  come  to/draw a conclusion

        remember  记住     bear/keep  in mind

        cause 引起  bring  about

        raise 提出   bring/put up, set forth

        absorb采纳,吸收   take  in

        cancel  取消     call  off

        eliminate  取消  completely get rid of

        help 帮助    give a  hand

        delay 耽误,耽搁     hold  off

        emphasize  重视     attach  great importance to

        replace  代替    take  the place of

        use 使用     make  use of, take advantage of

        know 知道  be aware of

         

        3词义具体化原则

        所谓词义具体化就是指写作过程中尽量避免使用意义宽泛、模糊的词,要根据语境使用具体、生动的词。

        这些高分替换词,一定要马??!

        低分词             高分词

        good 好的   superb,    brilliant, outstanding, awesome

        bad 坏的    adverse,    evil, terrible, horrible

        old 老的     old-fashioned,   outdated, antiquated, archaic

        strange 陌生的  eccentric,    peculiar, odd, weird

        short 短的   transient,    short-lived

        forever 永远     for    good, perpetually

        different 不同的 unique,    distinctive, dissimilar

        do 做   conduct,    carry out, execute

        see 看见     witness,    observe, spot, glimpse

        increase  增加,提高     soar,    escalate, double/triple

        walk 走 wander,    stride, sneak, creep

        learn 学习   acquire,    review, master

        get 取得     obtain,    attain

        help 帮助    assist,    aid

        mean 意思是     suggest,    indicate, imply, symbolize

        picture  图画     drawing,    painting, cartoon

        big 大的     immense,   enormous, tremendous

        cause 引起  give    rise to, trigger, result in, arouse

        make 做     produce,    create, develop

        rich 丰富的  wealthy,    affluent, ample

        cheap 便宜的    economical,    inexpensive, affordable

        common  普遍的    widespread,    prevalent

        change  改变    transform,    alter, modify

        people  人  individuals,    adolescents, adults

        famous  著名的 renowned,    celebrated, distinguished, prominent

        think 想 suppose,    claim, maintain, presume, assume

        keep 保存   preserve,    conserve

        break 破坏  undermine,   jeopardize, devastate

        小编温馨提示,由于英语词义范围非常广泛,即便是同义词也只是某种程度上的近似,不可能在意义上完全对等,所以大家在选词时要注意同义词含义上的细小差别哦。

        例如:

        句一: So there arises the problem: What should we do to get rid of the wrong attitudes toward the migrant workers?

        句二: So there arises the question: What should we do to get rid of the wrong attitudes toward the migrant workers?

        problem指的是“实际存在的问题”或“需要解决的现实问题”,question指的是“可获得解释或回答的问题”,此处用question更为恰当。


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